Simultaneous segmentation and grading of anatomical structures for patient's classification: application to Alzheimer's disease.

Abstract : In this paper, we propose an innovative approach to robustly and accurately detect Alzheimer's disease (AD) based on the distinction of specific atrophic patterns of anatomical structures such as hippocampus (HC) and entorhinal cortex (EC). The proposed method simultaneously performs segmentation and grading of structures to efficiently capture the anatomical alterations caused by AD. Known as SNIPE (Scoring by Non-local Image Patch Estimator), the novel proposed grading measure is based on a nonlocal patch-based frame-work and estimates the similarity of the patch surrounding the voxel under study with all the patches present in different training populations. In this study, the training library was composed of two populations: 50 cognitively normal subjects (CN) and 50 patients with AD, randomly selected from the ADNI database. During our experiments, the classification accuracy of patients (CN vs. AD) using several biomarkers was compared: HC and EC volumes, the grade of these structures and finally the combination of their volume and their grade. Tests were completed in a leave-one-out framework using discriminant analysis. First, we showed that biomarkers based on HC provide better classification accuracy than biomarkers based on EC. Second, we demonstrated that structure grading is a more powerful measure than structure volume to distinguish both populations with a classification accuracy of 90%. Finally, by adding the ages of subjects in order to better separate age-related structural changes from disease-related anatomical alterations, SNIPE obtained a classification accuracy of 93%.
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NeuroImage, Elsevier, 2012, 59 (4), pp.3736-47. <10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.10.080>
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Pierrick Coupé, Simon F Eskildsen, José V Manjón, Vladimir Fonov, D Louis Collins. Simultaneous segmentation and grading of anatomical structures for patient's classification: application to Alzheimer's disease.. NeuroImage, Elsevier, 2012, 59 (4), pp.3736-47. <10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.10.080>. <hal-00645589>

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