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A solid-fluid mixture model allowing for solid dilatation under external pressure

Abstract : A sponge subjected to an increase of the outside fluid pressure expands its volume but nearly mantains its true density and thus gives way to an increase of the interstitial volume. This behaviour, not yet properly described by solid-fluid mixture theories, is studied here by using the Principle of Virtual Power with the most simple dependence of the free energy as a function of the partial apparent densities of the solid and the fluid. The model is capable of accounting for the above mentioned dilatational behaviour, but in order to isolate its essential features more clearly we compromise on the other aspects of deformation. Specifically, the following questions are addressed: (i) The boundary pressure is divided between the solid and fluid pressures with a dividing coefficient which depends on the constituent apparent densities regarded as state parameters. The work performed by these tractions should vanish in any cyclic process over this parameter space. This condition severely restricts the permissible constitutive relations for the dividing coefficient, which results to be characterized by a single material parameter. (ii) A stability analysis is performed for homogeneous, pressurized reference states of the mixture by postulating a quadratic form for the free energy and using the afore mentioned permissible constitutive relations. It is shown that such reference states become always unstable if only the external pressure is sufficiently large, but the exact value depends on the interaction terms in the free energy. The larger this interaction is, the smaller will be the critical (smallest unstable) external pressure. (iii) It will be shown that within the stable regime of behaviour an increase of the external pressure will lead to a decrease of the solid density and correspondingly an increase of the specific volume, thus proving the wanted dilatation effects. (iv) We close by presenting a formulation of mixture theory involving second gradients of the displacement as a further deformation measure (Germain 1973); this allows for the regularization of the otherwise singular boundary effects (dell'Isola and Hutter 1998, dell'Isola, Hutter and Guarascio 1999).
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Giulio Sciarra, Francesco Dell'Isola, Kolumban Hutter. A solid-fluid mixture model allowing for solid dilatation under external pressure. Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics, Springer Verlag, 2001, pp.20. ⟨hal-00499418⟩

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