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Optimizing a piezometric network in the estimation of the groundwater budget: a case study from a crystalline-rock watershed in southern India

Abstract : An estimate of the groundwater budget at the catchment scale is extremely important for the sustainable management of available water resources. Water resources are generally subjected to over-exploitation for agricultural and domestic purposes in agrarian economies like India. The double water-table fluctuation method is a reliable method for calculating the water budget in semi-arid crystalline rock areas. Extensive measurements of water levels from a dense network before and after the monsoon rainfall were made in a 53 km2 watershed in southern India and various components of the water balance were then calculated. Later, water level data underwent geostatistical analyses to determine the priority and/or redundancy of each measurement point using a crossvalidation method. An optimal network evolved from these analyses. The network was then used in recalculation of the water-balance components. It was established that such an optimized network provides far fewer measurement points without considerably changing the conclusions regarding groundwater budget. This exercise is helpful in reducing the time and expenditure involved in exhaustive piezometric surveys and also in determining the water budget for large watersheds (watersheds greater than 50 km2).
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00325732
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 30, 2008 - 10:41:37 AM
Last modification on : Monday, October 11, 2021 - 1:02:10 PM

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Faisal K. Zaidi, Shakeel Ahmed, Benoît Dewandel, Jean-Christophe Maréchal. Optimizing a piezometric network in the estimation of the groundwater budget: a case study from a crystalline-rock watershed in southern India. Hydrogeology Journal, Springer Verlag, 2007, 15 (6), pp.1131-1145. ⟨10.1007/s10040-007-0167-z⟩. ⟨hal-00325732⟩

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