Modeling the influence of vegetation and water pond on urban microclimate

Abstract : The beneficial influence of trees and water ponds on summer comfort in urban spaces was studied experimentally in situ and in wind tunnels but the modeling needs further development to become effective in practical applications. This paper introduces a numerical approach based on coupling the CFD model of airflow, in which the influence of trees is considered as source terms, and the radiation exchange, completed with thermal conduction. The CFD, radiation and thermal conduction models use the same discretization grid at their common boundaries. The model was used to estimate the influence of trees and water ponds in a real town square. Comparison of results between two situations, with and without vegetation and water pond, indicate that surface temperatures are reduced in presence of trees and the comfort is improved.
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Submitted on : Monday, August 25, 2008 - 1:48:27 PM
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Mirela Robitu, M. Musy, Christian Inard, D. Groleau. Modeling the influence of vegetation and water pond on urban microclimate. Solar Energy, Elsevier, 2006, 80 (4), pp.435-447. ⟨hal-00312290⟩

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