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DNA methylation dynamics during stress response in woodland strawberry ( Fragaria vesca )

Abstract : Summary Environmental stresses can result in a wide range of physiological and molecular responses in plants. These responses can also impact epigenetic information in genomes, especially at the level of DNA methylation (5-methylcytosine). DNA methylation is the hallmark heritable epigenetic modification and plays a key role in silencing transposable elements (TEs). Although DNA methylation is an essential epigenetic mechanism, fundamental aspects of its contribution to stress responses and adaptation remain obscure. We investigated epigenome dynamics of wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca) in response to variable ecologically relevant environmental conditions at the DNA methylation level. F. vesca methylome responded with great plasticity to ecologically relevant abiotic and hormonal stresses. Thermal stress resulted in substantial genome-wide loss of DNA methylation. Notably, all tested stress conditions resulted in marked hot spots of differential DNA methylation near centromeric or pericentromeric regions, particularly in the non-symmetrical DNA methylation context. Additionally, we identified differentially methylated regions (DMRs) within promoter regions of transcription factor (TF) superfamilies involved in plant stress-response and assessed the effects of these changes on gene expression. These findings improve our understanding on stress-response at the epigenome level by highlighting the correlation between DNA methylation, TEs and gene expression regulation in plants subjected to a broad range of environmental stresses.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03791445
Contributor : Muriel Gauthier Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, September 29, 2022 - 11:21:30 AM
Last modification on : Friday, September 30, 2022 - 11:28:09 AM

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María-Estefanía López, David Roquis, Claude Becker, Béatrice Denoyes, Etienne Bucher. DNA methylation dynamics during stress response in woodland strawberry ( Fragaria vesca ). Horticulture research, 2022, online first, ⟨10.1093/hr/uhac174⟩. ⟨hal-03791445⟩

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