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Mobilités urbaines et données en ligne pour l'étude des maladies vectorielles à Delhi (Inde) et Bangkok (Thaïlande)

Abstract : Emerging vector-borne diseases such as dengue intensify public health crises in the Asian megacities of Bangkok (Thailand) and Delhi (India). The links between mosquitoes and the urban environment are well documented, but our understanding of human movement, as a key element of virus spreading, has yet to be fully explored as a research subject. Given the paucity in adequate or available institutional data, our research first focused on field surveys, and then on the collection, comparison and critique of data collected from major Internet platforms (Twitter, Facebook, Google, Microsoft). Their potential varies from one geographical area to another, still they shed light on the organization and structure of the studied cities. Moreover, they highlight intra-urban interactions and timeframes. However, carrying out such studies without knowledge acquired from the field seems unadapted. Using the concept of activity space, we propose a method to produce individual synthetic agendas, generated from Twitter data and field surveys. This is a first step in the development of an agent-based model of individual mobility.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 4, 2019 - 12:37:20 PM
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Alexandre Cebeillac. Mobilités urbaines et données en ligne pour l'étude des maladies vectorielles à Delhi (Inde) et Bangkok (Thaïlande). Géographie. Normandie Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018NORMR137⟩. ⟨tel-02089908v2⟩

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