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Une paix sans nom ? (Démosthène, Sur les forfaitures de l’ambassade, § 204)

David-Artur Daix 1, 2
1 Cultures de l’écrit
AOROC - Archéologie et Philologie d'Orient et d'Occident : UMR 85-46
Abstract : In Demosthenes' speech On the False Embassy (oration 19), at §204, the peace, τὴν εἰρήνην, is said to be ἀνώμοτον : « not sworn to », which is the only instance of this adjective being used in a passive sense : everywhere else, including in the rest of Demosthenes' speeches, it always means « not under oath ». Moreover, here, the word is difficult to interpret : at § 158 and 278, Demosthenes explains that the oaths were indeed sworn by Philip and his allies in 346 ; and he does not mention anywhere in his speech the amendment of the peace-terms proposed in 344-3 and rejected by Philip ; so that this allusion to the « unsworn » peace is not clear at all. However, correcting the transmitted text is not an easy task, because ἀνώμοτον is the reading of all the manuscripts ; and, until now, no conjecture has been entirely satisfactory. So we must study in detail the use of this adjective in this context in order to determine whether it should be emended, or at least obelized, and if so, which correction could prove convincing.
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David-Artur Daix. Une paix sans nom ? (Démosthène, Sur les forfaitures de l’ambassade, § 204). Revue des Etudes Grecques, [Paris]: [Association pour l'encouragement des études grecques en France], 2020, 133 (1), pp.23-37. ⟨hal-02907899⟩

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