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Smart Metering for Smart-grid Applications : building a hardware and software platform for testing and validating smart-grid technologies using Smart Meters

Abstract : In the spirit of the so-called energy transition, the electric power system is undergoing a major development to reduce its negative environmental impacts. The goal is set to minimize the dependence on resources with high emissions, integrate more renewables, use more energy efficient devices and so on. These changes are mainly enabled by the integration of information and communication technologies (ICT) that makes the modern power system a cyber-physical system (CPS) often referred to as the smart grid. Several challenges need to be addressed in order to guarantee a robust and reliable operation of the new system. This means that new strategies have to be developed for the operation, supervision, and control of the power system.In the low-voltage (LV) distribution system, the new strategies are driven by the new sensing and connectivity capabilities provided by the smart meters and their advanced metering infrastructure (AMI). These new strategies eventually require new testing and validation tools represented by software and hardware simulation tools that capture the interoperability of the subsystems of the CPS. The aim of this thesis is to assess the requirements of smart grid testing and validation tools and to contribute to their development. The thesis proposes a new tool represented by a laboratory setup of a smart LV grid that consists of real power components and real communication infrastructure. The setup is specifically designed to capture the features of both the power system and the ICT. Our work thus contributes to the final steps of testing and validating strategies in the smart LV grid before these strategies can be tried out in the real world.In this thesis we give an overview on existing smart grid testing and validation tools. Then we discuss the design and implementation of smart-grid laboratory setups and share the choices we made with our proposed platform. We also discuss some of the accompanying software development principles. Next a discussion about some of the applications that can be tested on the setup in the domain of smart LV grid control via the AMI is presented. Lastly we share some perspectives on other possible target applications and future development of the platform.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03702581
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 23, 2022 - 11:09:16 AM
Last modification on : Monday, June 27, 2022 - 3:11:13 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03702581, version 1

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Ali Hamdan. Smart Metering for Smart-grid Applications : building a hardware and software platform for testing and validating smart-grid technologies using Smart Meters. Electric power. Université Grenoble Alpes [2020-..], 2022. English. ⟨NNT : 2022GRALT018⟩. ⟨tel-03702581⟩

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