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"Ni Rome, ni Moscou" : l'itinéraire des militants communistes libertaires de langue française à Montréal pendant l'entre-deux-guerres

Abstract : This thesis retraces the collective itinerary of a group of French-speaking libertarian communist militants during the inter-war period in Montreal gathered around Albert Saint-Martin (1865-1947). An important figure in Quebec’s labour movement, Saint-Martin’s political itinerary is multifaceted: he is associated with the Socialist Party of Canada, the One Big Union, the Socialist Party (Communist), the Workers' University, the Spartakus Revolutionary Association, the Humanitarian Association, the Women's Awakening League, the Montreal Unemployed League and various consumers and production cooperatives. Saint-Martin is surrounded by comrades from various political backgrounds. Our thesis allowed us to identify more than 300 individuals who took part in militant activities at his side. Through the cross-analysis of their individual journeys, we seek to better understand the terms of their collective commitment, their representation of the ideal society and the means to achieve it, the nature and diversity of their sociability links, the territories in which their networks are deployed, the frequency and themes of their meetings, as well as the symbols and rituals attached to them. We hypothesize that those who participate in the activities of this milieu share a same revolutionary culture articulated around the notions of communism, anti-capitalism, anticlericalism and internationalism, leading to a critique of authoritarian institutions: the State, the Catholic Church, private property, army, marriage, etc. The strategies of individual and collective emancipation put forward by these activists are based on education and direct action. It is this set of theoretical, strategic and tactical principles that we group together under the term libertarian communism.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 21, 2022 - 7:20:08 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03539635, version 1



Mathieu Houle-Courcelles. "Ni Rome, ni Moscou" : l'itinéraire des militants communistes libertaires de langue française à Montréal pendant l'entre-deux-guerres. Histoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I; Université Laval (Québec, Canada), 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020PA01H091⟩. ⟨tel-03539635⟩



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