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Élites cambodgiennes en situation coloniale, essai d'histoire sociale des réseaux de pouvoir dans l'administration cambodgienne sous le protectorat français (1860-1953)

Abstract : Proposing a portray of the Cambodian high society during the French Protectorat, this PhD describes how the mantrī - Cambodian mandarins - manipulated their social organization in the colonial context. Through colonial archives, Cambodian sources and oral history, this essay demonstrates how the high society used their networks of parents within the royal then within the colonial administration. Those networks, composed of large group of allies and associates, were dedicated to the control of social and political powers. The conflicts between those networks - to gain control over the administration - rhythmed the dynastic history of Cambodia all along the 19th and 20th centuries. Their actors took a part in the establishment of the colonial order. Confronted to the penalization of their practices - assimilated to nepotism and corruption by the Colonial State - those networks of power then instrumentalized the needs of the colonial administration to their issues of perpetuation. Their members became colonial administrators and then limited the capacity of the colonial institutions to interfere on their social structures. A prosopographie of one hundred and twenty mantrī of the royal administration became civil servants of the Colonial State describes how their networks spread within the Indochinese services. A collective biography of one of these networks - a family, its allies and associates - analyses the kinship model of the Cambodian elite, its perpetuation and its evolutions depending of their relations with the royal family and the Colonial State until the independence.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03428740
Contributor : Marie ABERDAM Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, November 15, 2021 - 11:47:50 AM
Last modification on : Friday, April 29, 2022 - 10:13:18 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, February 16, 2022 - 8:22:33 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03428740, version 1

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Marie Aberdam. Élites cambodgiennes en situation coloniale, essai d'histoire sociale des réseaux de pouvoir dans l'administration cambodgienne sous le protectorat français (1860-1953). Histoire. École doctorale d'histoire (ED 113) Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne; Centre d'Histoire de l'Asie Contemporaine. Unité mixte de recherche 8138 Sorbonne, Identités, relations internationales et civilisations de l'Europe, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-03428740⟩

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