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The Grothendieck–Serre conjecture over valuation rings

Abstract : In this article, we establish the Grothendieck–Serre conjecture over valuation rings: for a reductive group scheme G over a valuation ring V with fraction field K, a G-torsor over V is trivial if it is trivial over K. This result is predicted by the original Grothendieck–Serre conjecture and the resolution of singularities. The novelty of our proof lies in overcoming subtleties brought by general nondiscrete valuation rings. By using flasque resolutions and inducting with local cohomology, we prove a non-Noetherian counterpart of Colliot-Thélène–Sansuc's case of tori. Then, taking advantage of techniques in algebraization, we obtain the passage to the Henselian rank one case. Finally, we induct on Levi subgroups and use the integrality of rational points of anisotropic groups to reduce to the semisimple anisotropic case, in which we appeal to properties of parahoric subgroups in Bruhat–Tits theory to conclude. In the last section, by using properties of reflexive sheaves, we also prove a variant of Nisnevich's purity conjecture.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 17, 2021 - 5:14:09 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, September 19, 2021 - 3:24:27 AM

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Ning Guo. The Grothendieck–Serre conjecture over valuation rings. Algebraic Geometry [math.AG]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2021. English. ⟨NNT : 2021UPASM022⟩. ⟨tel-03348092⟩

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