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Sur les chemins des terres sauvages : figures et symbolique des animaux de la forêt dans l’Inde ancienne

Abstract : This study about the images and the symbolism of the wild animals at ancient India is based on a reading of the Veda and the epics that are the Rāmāyana and the Mahābhārata. It consists in drawing up a portrait as complete as possible of emblematic animals of the forest: wolves, jackals, hyenas, bears, lions, tigers, panthers, elephants, rhinoceroses, wild boars, and buffalos. Equally real and conceptual animals, their picture seems complex and partially attached to the definition of the environment where they live, the aranya or the wilderness. Mainly represented through their relations with man, who is constantly fascinated by them, they are either pushed away or appealed, in that case leading to an animalisation of the individual. Primarily lexical, the phenomenon questions its deep nature and the links between man and animal, which reveal themselves by a transfer of strength and power. This relation tends logically to consider the wild animal in a divine and/or demoniac environment where, between myths and sacrifices, it appears sometimes as a protégé of the god, sometimes as one of its multiple forms, often dreadful.
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Submitted on : Monday, August 30, 2021 - 6:31:55 PM
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Ronan Moreau. Sur les chemins des terres sauvages : figures et symbolique des animaux de la forêt dans l’Inde ancienne. Littératures. Université Sorbonne Nouvelle - Paris 3, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : ⟩. ⟨tel-03328821⟩



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