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Dans les plis de l’ethnie. Pouvoirs et sociétés au nord du Rwanda (1930-1961)

Abstract : This dissertation examines the social and political history of Rwankeri and Buhoma, within the territory of Ruhengeri of Northern Rwanda, from the administrative reforms of the 1930s to the socio-racial revolution of 1959-1961. The historical shaping of ethnic categories is a well-studied phenomenon in historiography. The aim of this work is to explore how these categories are socially and politically involved at a micro-local level in the distribution of the administrative functions of chiefs and sub-chiefs, during the first elections of 1956, 1960, and 1961, and during the revolution that ultimately led to the implementation of a republican regime at the time of independence. The issues deriving from regional and lineage belongings, associated with the specific modalities of land taking in the Northern margins of Rwanda appear as a key factor over a long period. Within this particular frame, the so-called ethnic referent seems either a screen, or a tool used by the political actors to enforce their influence. This work will pay particular attention to the so-called Bagogwe, referring to two ‘Tutsi’ lineages, long considered ‘indigenous’ and as such, differentiated from other ‘Tutsi’ families who settled later in the region, in the wake of the administrative reforms of the first decades of the 20th century. First protected in 1959 during the first anti-Tutsi violence, they gradually became the target of assaults and land seizing, which led them to ultimately alter their political strategies within the party struggles. Thus, this dissertation questions the chronology and the local specificities of political ethnicization in Rwanda. However, it also shows that political contests bring in other issues, related to the social, religious, and economical transformations inherited from the colonial period that go beyond this ethnicization.
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Contributor : Florent Piton Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, June 12, 2021 - 1:17:38 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 6:51:49 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-03258967, version 1


Florent Piton. Dans les plis de l’ethnie. Pouvoirs et sociétés au nord du Rwanda (1930-1961). Histoire. Université de Paris, 2020. Français. ⟨tel-03258967⟩



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