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Développement de l'agriculture biologique au Cameroun : une analyse par l'approche des transitions sociotechniques

Abstract : The choice of agricultural models capable of contributing to food security issues, resilience to socio-economic, health and climate shocks, and social and cross-generational inclusiveness are decisive in development strategies in Africa. In this direction, the African Union's "Ecological Organic Agriculture" initiative plans to integrate Organic Agriculture (OA) into the public policies of member countries by 2025. This thesis contributes to provide a concrete knowledge base on OA in Cameroon. Based on participatory workshops, qualitative and quantitative surveys, we analyze the conditions of viability, evolution and recognition of organic agriculture by jointly mobilizing the approach of socio-technical transitions and statistical tools for probabilistic elicitation. This analysis is based on four necessary prerequisites documented by our work: (i) highlighting the diversity of OA through a typology co-constructed between socio-economic and research actors, (ii) understanding the mechanisms that structure the pathways of existing types of OA in Cameroon, (iii) participatory selection of the socially desirable type of OA, and finally, (iv) analysis of the performance of this type with respect to food security. A heuristic and empirical analysis of the transition shows that the development of OA involving a reconfiguration of the national agricultural and food system is possible under three conditions. The first is based on a political acceptance of the plurality of OA in three types: natural agriculture, entrepreneurial OA and certified OA. The second is based on the structuring of a development trajectory driven by natural agriculture. The third, through an empirical case study in the Centre Region, Cameroon, documents methodologically how decision-makers can evaluate the performance gaps between natural and conventional agriculture according to three indicators related to food security: average yield, farm-gate prices, labour quantity. We conclude on the interest of the recognition of OA within public policies in Cameroon through its institutionalization and the implementation of a certification mechanism adapted to local conditions to valorize natural agriculture such as the participatory guarantee system.
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Submitted on : Sunday, December 6, 2020 - 10:29:36 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 9:36:35 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, March 7, 2021 - 6:14:18 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-03042184, version 1



Gérard de la Paix Bayiha. Développement de l'agriculture biologique au Cameroun : une analyse par l'approche des transitions sociotechniques. Économie et finance quantitative [q-fin]. Montpellier SUPAGRO; Université de Yaoundé II soa FSEG, 2020. Français. ⟨tel-03042184⟩



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