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Jardins publics 1850-1950 : figures romanesques de l'espace urbain

Abstract : From 1850 until 1950, from the invention of an urban, landscaped and literary object – the public gardens – until its exhaustion, the novelistic features question the inheritance of Haussmann’s hierarchic network of planted spaces. This thesis focuses on their positive and negative reception and on the consecutive shifts of values through the three major sequences of the “espace verdoyants”, “libres” and “verts”. Following a cyclic pattern, the literary images shows the revolving relationships between the city of Paris and its gardens embedded in consciousness, shaped by cultural forces and schemes as well as and personal fantasy. The narrative gives a strong account of disillusionment: the disappearance of the locus amoenus, its symbolic reduction and the drastic defects of urbanization, planning and domestication of the natural element. The figurative spaces deconstruct the “green idol” and its subsequent incarnations, exposing their mechanisms, their disappointments and their inadequacies. For that purpose, it relies on the dialectic couples public garden/waste land, closeness/distance, opening/closing. In the meantime the narrative tries, in return, to re-inscribe the gardens in a positive way both in the individual and collective imaginary while suggesting new definitions, new forms and new spaces. Therefore, it exhibits their irreducibility and builds up transitory and playful spaces always overflowing and bursting. That’s why this study stresses on the imaginary work of the negative, on its strategies and tactics to reconstruct, integrate, retrieve and aggregate territories and meanings.
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Contributor : Emmanuelle Dedenon <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 17, 2020 - 6:22:50 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 2, 2021 - 10:17:25 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-03010658, version 1


Céline Barrère. Jardins publics 1850-1950 : figures romanesques de l'espace urbain. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université de Paris-Val-de-Marne, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007PA123013⟩. ⟨tel-03010658⟩



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