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La perception des environnements quotidiens par les enfants japonais : la (re)définition du concept de la « child-friendliness » environnementale

Paulina Neisch 1
1 CRH - Centre de Recherche sur l'Habitat
LAVUE - Laboratoire Architecture, Ville, Urbanisme, Environnement
Abstract : Children see the architectural and urban environments in which they live from their own unique perspectives. It is interesting and important to know their point of view, with respect to how it differs from the perspectives of the adults. A child and its environment is rarely focused upon within the theories influencing the concept of the environmental “child-friendliness”, which was developed by M. Kyttä (Kyttä, 2002, 2003, 2004), and in line with the theory of affordances (Gibson, 1966, 1979/1986). However, it is only from this position that can be made possible the scientifically and empirically approved proposition testing this concept. In our studies, we focused on the lives and lifestyles found within agricultural, Japanese areas. Basing upon existing theories, we predefined it as a “child-friendly” environment and we analyzed the lives of the young inhabitants and how this was reflected in their environmental experiences. To this end, we investigated 115 children in the age between 7 and 12 years in the Ishigure elementary school. Using a form of drawing, which was followed by a detailed questionnaire, we described their journey from home to school, their way of living, and their experiences with extracurricular activities, as well as home and school buildings. Using perception (ours, in the phase of studying existing areas, as well as the one of children) and representation, through the interpretation and analyzes of drawings (approximately 700 drawings collected), we defined the relation of students to the areas we studied and we redefined the concept of the environmental “child-friendliness”. Our results highlight the relationship between the environmental “child-friendliness” and the perception of everyday life environments. This thesis also applies itself to areas of knowledge in the field of children’s construction of spatial representation within the Japanese agricultural areas, and which explores environmental experience of children living there, while redefining the factorial framework of the environmental “child-friendliness” concept.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02980727
Contributor : Emmanuelle Dedenon <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 27, 2020 - 3:53:11 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 28, 2021 - 10:00:01 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-02980727, version 1

Citation

Paulina Neisch. La perception des environnements quotidiens par les enfants japonais : la (re)définition du concept de la « child-friendliness » environnementale. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université Paris 10 Nanterre, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PA100069⟩. ⟨tel-02980727⟩

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