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Préserver la santé des armées dans le Japon moderne : la médecine militaire face à la guerre russo-japonaise

Abstract : This thesis analyses the experiences of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905), bringing together two historical objects of inquiry: the history of warfare and the history of medicine. Its purpose is to document and understand the organization of the Imperial Japanese Army Sanitary Corps and the medical practices that unfolded within it at the turn of the twentieth century. Focusing on the creation and the institutionalization of the care of the war wounded and sick during the Meiji era (1868-1912) and its implications for the conflict of 1904-1905, this thesis highlights the institutional and social dynamics of military medicine and the cultural production of discourses, objects and images related to war diseases and wounds. Our theoretical framework articulates the entanglement of the various actors’ perceptions (Japanese doctors and international observers) on the wounded and/or diseased body. Our results show how the transformation of the battlefield, induced by increased firepower and the resulting tactical and strategic reorganization, was also a driving force for the medicalization of combat activities, military research and the production of expertise. These processes reshaped the paradigms of combat aimed at maintaining the competitiveness of the military, that the success of preventive medicine serves to legitimize. They also accentuate the fragility of the army and the structure of medicine on the battlefield, which were under increasing stress due to the rapid progress of industrialization. The professional specialization and individual practices observed during the war lead us to discuss the benefits and limits of the strategies adopted by Japanese military surgeons to resist the increasingly destructive realities of industrial warfare.
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Contributor : Ken Daimaru Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, September 21, 2020 - 10:37:58 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 6:31:57 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-02944049, version 1


Ken Daimaru. Préserver la santé des armées dans le Japon moderne : la médecine militaire face à la guerre russo-japonaise. Histoire, Philosophie et Sociologie des sciences. Université Paris Nanterre; Birkbeck college (Londres), 2017. Français. ⟨tel-02944049⟩



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