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Theses

Dispositifs artistiques pour les personnes âgées fragiles

Abstract : The present research studies the different artistic devices offered to older people who have been identified as vulnerable by “L’Hôpital de Jour des Fragilités et de la Prévention de la Dépendance de la Grave” in Toulouse (The Day Hospital of Frailty and the Prevention of Dependency of La Grave). The day hospital encourages patients to commit to joining some art workshops facilitated by professional artists and by cultural institutions recognized both locally and nationally. These artistic devices that do not fall under art therapy and do not have any therapeutic goals fit into a new way of thinking those interventions.For a number of years, a number of studies have measured the therapeutic effects of art on health, however very little research has been devoted to the particularities of the type of those artistic devices, especially in France. This thesis – based on field data collection – focuses on the experience of participants, on the educational positioning of the artists and also on the required dimensions that make those devices a success. To achieve this, we have established an organized research protocol consisted of several stages (observation, analysis, experimentation, modelling.), based on almost four years. We wanted to give an answer to these following questions: What effects these art workshops might have on a frailty old people ? What meanings and what values do people place on these workshops? Do the devices affect the representations of the participants (regarding themselves, the others, the aging effects…)? What are the assets and the limits of those devices? This research, driven by the theory of the devices from l’École de Toulouse, is at the intersection of several disciplines. It aims to capture the different levels of reality, particularly through case studies. This thesis, firmly focused on the co-construction of the knowledge between the actors of the devices and the researcher, participates in the understanding of the approach to artistic practices. We aspire to demonstrate the interest of professional artistic intervention in the field of health and also to reflect the role that art can play for every individual in a society, regardless of their profile.
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Fanny Tuchowski. Dispositifs artistiques pour les personnes âgées fragiles. Art et histoire de l'art. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018TOU20104⟩. ⟨tel-02940193⟩

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