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Valorisation du Patrimoine et Techniques Multimédia : De nouvelles technologies pour de nouveaux publics, l’avenir de la valorisation patrimoniale ?

Abstract : This thesis raises the question of the use of digital tools in heritage enhancement, and explores more precisely the potential of augmented reality. While heritage is going through profound changes and facing conflict dynamics, its "mission" has become more complex and important than ever. Henceforth, the design of heritage experiences sees all its components transformed, whether it is the object, the audience, or the methods and tools to bring them together. The heritage is now dealing with an audience digitally equipped, of multiple ages and social origins, whose concentration and wonder abilities has changed considerably. The enhancement of heritage must be reinvented. In this thesis, we argue that digital tools offer relevant and innovative answers, but that they also represent a challenge in their own right to be used wisely. Far from being easy, this problem needs to be placed in a more global framework that involves several questions of philosophical orientations, both on the concept of heritage and on technical systems and new digital realities. After having established a theoretical framework and a stable vocabulary (including our own definition of augmented reality), this work proposes an approach at three distinct scales: empirical, situational and structural. We present the potential of augmented reality for heritage experiences and the possible reasons for the dysfunctions observed at a situational level. We propose a reflection on the structural roots of these problems as well as a theoretical model to illustrate the global phenomenon that, in our opinion, underlies this situation (through the concept of socio-technological delta and socio-technological desynchronization). Finally, several case studies are presented across France, Japan and Brazil, as well as the respective interviews and reports.
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Submitted on : Thursday, August 13, 2020 - 8:29:26 AM
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Alice Guerville-Ballé. Valorisation du Patrimoine et Techniques Multimédia : De nouvelles technologies pour de nouveaux publics, l’avenir de la valorisation patrimoniale ?. Histoire, Philosophie et Sociologie des sciences. Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02914943⟩

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