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Narrer une nabol : La production des textes nisvais en fonction de l'âge et de la situation d'énonciation, Malekula, Vanuatu

Abstract : This thesis studies the production of nabol, the narrative practices of the Nisvai language community, located in southeast Malekula, Vanuatu. Based on a request from Nisvai speakers for language resources to be produced for the local school, a corpus of oral texts was compiled to show that nabol are produced according to the situation of enunciation and local social issues related to the speaker's age set. The corpus of annotated oral texts results from research trips carried out between 2011 and 2015, totalling 14 months in the field with the Nisvai community. On one hand, nabol are studied using concepts from textual linguistics to describe the discursive processes used by Nisvai speakers. From these processes, it was possible to compare the organisation of the nabol and to highlight significant variations according to the situation of enunciation. On the other hand, participant observation and guided interviews helped identify social issues that speakers associated with their narrative practices. The use of proper nouns of characters or places in the narrative is part of a regime of truth. Depending on his or her age set, the speaker must name or omit the names of the characters who take part in the plot at the risk of being criticised by their peers. Practices and standards from the language documentation program and Natural Language Processing have provided tools to develop language resources relevant for the study of narratives and their use by the Nisvai community. Two paper resources are joined as appendices: a bilingual Nisvai-French lexicon and a bilingual collection of texts from the corpus. They are designed for Nisvai speakers and their French-speaking school. In addition, two online resources, a reading- listening interface and an annotation consultation interface, have been developed to communicate the work to researchers working on oral narrative practices or Vanuatu languages.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 20, 2020 - 11:04:16 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 4:42:02 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02513026, version 1



Jocelyn Aznar. Narrer une nabol : La production des textes nisvais en fonction de l'âge et de la situation d'énonciation, Malekula, Vanuatu. Linguistique. EHESS, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02513026⟩



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