Deep learning for robust segmentation and explainable analysis of 3d and dynamic cardiac images

Qiao Zheng 1
Abstract : Cardiac MRI is widely used by cardiologists as it allows extracting rich information from images. However, if done manually, the information extraction process is tedious and time-consuming. Given the advance of artificial intelligence, I develop deep learning methods to address the automation of several essential tasks on cardiac MRI analysis. First, I propose a method based on convolutional neural networks to perform cardiac segmentation on short axis MRI image stacks. In this method, since the prediction of a segmentation of a slice is dependent upon the already existing segmentation of an adjacent slice, 3D-consistency and robustness is explicitly enforced. Second, I develop a method to classify cardiac pathologies, with a novel deep learning approach to extract image-derived features to characterize the shape and motion of the heart. In particular, the classification model is explainable, simple and flexible. Last but not least, the same feature extraction method is applied to an exceptionally large dataset (UK Biobank). Unsupervised cluster analysis is then performed on the extracted features in search of their further relation with cardiac pathology characterization. To conclude, I discuss several possible extensions of my research.
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Qiao Zheng. Deep learning for robust segmentation and explainable analysis of 3d and dynamic cardiac images. Artificial Intelligence [cs.AI]. Université Côte d'Azur, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019AZUR4013⟩. ⟨tel-02478981⟩

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