Une gestion jardinière des paysages. Le « parc des Coteaux » en recherche et en projet : expérimentation, retours réflexifs et propositions d’actions sur la rive droite de Bordeaux

Abstract : The idea of “garden-based landscape management” is at the heart of this thesis. It offers principles for updating landscape projects and practices. These principles arrive at a key moment when landscape gardening is confronted with the need to implement environmental land management in a democratic context. They aim to take into account all the complexity and interweaving of the social, ecological, political and economic interrelationships involved in running landscape projects. The thesis is particularly concerned with increasing awareness of the dynamics at work and with measuring the effects of time on the project process in relation to the uncertainties of “inter-retro-actions” that emanate from it. This should also provide clarification of the values and ethical strategies to be applied to running a landscape project, both on a day-to-day basis and in the long term. The basis for the work is an Industrial Convention for Training by Research (CIFRE). For three years I worked in a Groupement d’Intérêt Public made up of four communes (Bassens, Lormont, Cenon et Floirac) situated on the “right bank” of Bordeaux Métropole: the Grand Projet des Villes Rive Droite (GPV). My role was to lead a landscape project orientated towards accompanying developments in gardening practices in a group of public/private parks known as the “Parc des Coteaux” (240 ha). Landscape is thus the starting point for the approach that has been used. The approach consisted of proposing a cooperative process involving gardeners from the towns, but also elected members, departmental managers, project officers for the towns and the GPV, landscape architects, planners, ecologists, inhabitants and “users”. This process adopted the name Laboratoire du parc des Coteaux or parcLAB. The feedback on the very conditions of this experiment, conducted for three years (2015-2018) – itself resulting from my participation in the emergence of the collective dynamic over the preceding three years (2013-2015) as an independent landscape gardener – led me to formulate the hypothesis of garden-based landscape management, whose principles and orientations I present and offer for debate here.
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Benjamin Chambelland. Une gestion jardinière des paysages. Le « parc des Coteaux » en recherche et en projet : expérimentation, retours réflexifs et propositions d’actions sur la rive droite de Bordeaux. Sciences de l'environnement. Ecole doctorale bordeaux Montaigne, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02434438⟩

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