Autoritarisme de droite et changement d'attitude dans le conditionnement évaluatif

Abstract : Right wing authoritarianism (RWA) is a co-variation of social conserva- tism, traditionalism, and authoritarianism. One of the characteristics of RWA is a less malleability of attitudes over time. However, the linkbetween RWA and rigidity of attitudes has mainly been observed in inter- group relation contexts. Such studies focus on the relationship between RWA and attitude change towards real groups. While the value of this work is unde- niable, it is not possible to examine attitude formation and attitude change in a controlled manner. Indeed, studying real social groups implies context effects or social preconceptions on the attitude formation and on attitude change. In this thesis, we are interested in the understanding of RWA in attitude change within a standardized and controlled framework, the evaluative conditioning- counter-conditioning paradigm. Across 11 experiments, we tested whether RWA predicts a lower change of attitude towards new artificial stimuli. We observed that RWA was negatively associated with sensitivity to counter- conditioning. This effect, present in the great majority of our experiments, has been modulated by the characteristics of conditioning-counter-conditioning. More specifically, the amount of counter-attitudinal information available, the presence of instructions, and the decrease in attentional resources were shown to modulate the link between RWA and attitude change. Overall, these results support the hypothesis that a smaller change in attitude is related to RWA even with novel artificial stimuli.
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Amélie Bret. Autoritarisme de droite et changement d'attitude dans le conditionnement évaluatif. Psychologie. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAS031⟩. ⟨tel-02391765⟩

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