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L'école des sages-femmes : Les enjeux sociaux de la formation obstétricale en France, 1786-1916

Abstract : In the 1780s, the new French policy surrounding childbirth elected the midwife as the main intermediary between the medical and administrative powers and the population. From the moment it was made official by the Law of Ventose 19, year XI on the practice of medicine, the only way to midwifery has been obstetrical training.The thesis examines how midwives consented to this training, as well as the timeline of this consent and its modalities. It also examines how forces from without (government,administrative rules, physicians) as well as from within (the midwives themselves) created the dynamics allowing the profession to evolve and gain official status in the nineteenth-century—how from untrained birth assistants in the late eighteenth century, midwives turned into a unified medical profession in the early twentieth century. Beyond, this study investigates how administrative guidelines, recruitment policies, training contents and methods led to the creation of a new health worker: the midwife, in charge, by turns, of delivering babies, of performing smallpox vaccinations, of being a doctor to the poor,and of providing expert childcare.In the course of a single century, two-thirds of all French departments founded a midwifery training school. Over that century, nearly 45 000 midwives were trained and certified. This study deals with the construction of a professional identity and a professional conscience, as a result of obstetrical training.
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Contributor : Nathalie Sage Pranchère Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 20, 2019 - 3:20:46 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 14, 2022 - 8:12:12 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-02367018, version 1


Nathalie Sage Pranchère. L'école des sages-femmes : Les enjeux sociaux de la formation obstétricale en France, 1786-1916. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Sorbonne Université, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-02367018⟩



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