La variation copule/clitique sujet en romani du Mexique au contact de ser et estar de l'espagnol

Abstract : This thesis examines the alternation in of the Romani copula si and the subject clitics lo; -li/-la; -le. It is a linguistic phenomenon that is absent from all the Romani varieties spoken in Europe and which according to Adamou (2013) has been developed under the influence of Spanish in the Romani communities who have settled in Latin America since the 19th century. This study has been possible thanks to the collection of original data from bilingual speakers of the community of La Rinconada in the State of Veracruz in Mexico. Based on the analysis of a spontaneous oral corpus of approximately 16 hours and responses from 60 participants to a questionnaire of copula choice, I was able to identify the variables underlying the use of copulas in both languages. The linguistic variables described for the variation of the copulas ser and estar in Spanish, as for example the frame of reference and the type of predicate, are also relevant to understand the use of copulas in Romani. However, it appears clearly that the Romani subject clitics are particularly dynamic in present affirmative constructions of third person where they tend to overshadow the traditional Romani copula si. It is possible to argue that this expansion that started under the influence of Spanish is now in turn influencing the use of Spanish copulas. Indeed, there is in parallel a dynamic use of the copula estar and extension to contexts previously covered by the copula ser, following a more general trend documented in Mexican Spanish.
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Cristian Tudor Pădure. La variation copule/clitique sujet en romani du Mexique au contact de ser et estar de l'espagnol. Linguistique. Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales- INALCO PARIS - LANGUES O', 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019INAL0002⟩. ⟨tel-02356428⟩

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