Les chants pour enfants au Japon au début du 20ème siècle : de la réception à l'affirmation d'une identité musicale

Abstract : Children’s songs were a source of reflection between pedagogues, intellectuals, and musicians during a dynamic period of cultural revival and the development of media for entertainment.Introduced very early in the school system, singing practice was a source of various interests as much as an enforcement of a collective spirit or knowledge memorization. On the other hand, patriotic demonstrations during public ceremonies allowed the enforcement of national identity through singing. The Japanese musical identity raised several questions for intellectuals of the Taisho era. During that time, they were facing an acceleration of the phenomenal Westernization of Japanese society and wanted to use Japanese nursery rhymes in order to create a new repertoire.Each part of this thesis will describe and analyze nursery rhymes (warabe uta), school songs (shôka) and children songs (dôyô) that form the genre of ‘children songs’ in Japan. Through each item, I will retrace the evolution of those types of vocal pieces and describe the interactions between the repertoire of different musical eras. This will help to reveal the opposition that can be witnessed in the speech of the artistic and literary community at the time and allows a better understanding of the wider society of that period.
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Clara Wartelle. Les chants pour enfants au Japon au début du 20ème siècle : de la réception à l'affirmation d'une identité musicale. Histoire. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019USPCF001⟩. ⟨tel-02356398⟩

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