Le renvoi et le non-renvoi des questions prioritaires de constitutionnalité par le Conseil d’État et la Cour de cassation. : Étude d'une contribution originale au contrôle de constitutionnalité de la loi promulguée en France.

Abstract : By introducing the French “question prioritaire de constitutionnalité” (QPC) and its filtering mechanism, the constituent and the organic legislator have obliged the ordinary courts to participate in the procedure of constitutional review of the promulgated law. The chosen organization tends to centralize the QPC and systematically direct them to the French “Conseil d’Etat” and “Cour de cassation”, which makes these jurisdictions nodal points of the procedure. According to many authors of the doctrine, the involvement of supreme courts goes far beyond strictly procedural aspects. The examination of the necessity of dismissal could even be related to a form of constitutional review on their part thus calling into question the French tradition of concentrated constitutional justice. The purpose of this study is to ascertain whether this observation is correct, and whether the comparison of the “Conseil d’Etat” and the “Cour de cassation” with a constitutional review is justified. It then intends to identify the mechanics and trends at work during referrals and non-referrals of QPC. To achieve this, it relies on a comprehensive study of referral and non-referral judgments and on the wide use of their preparatory documents, when available.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 30, 2019 - 9:59:45 PM
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Alex Chauvet. Le renvoi et le non-renvoi des questions prioritaires de constitutionnalité par le Conseil d’État et la Cour de cassation. : Étude d'une contribution originale au contrôle de constitutionnalité de la loi promulguée en France.. Droit. Université de Bordeaux, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-02301953⟩

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