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Les mathématiques dans la formation des ingénieurs et sur leur lieu de travail : études et propositions (cas de la France)

Abstract : In this thesis, we pursue two main objectives: compare the use of mathematics by engineers in their workplace with the mathematics training they receive in France, and propose innovative teaching that could bring training closer together to the needs revealed.We use the framework of the Anthropological Theory of Didactics and we begin by defining the notion of "mathematical praxeology" to analyse the mathematical activity of engineers in the institutions they attend. We classify in two categories the six types of praxeologies identified in the workplace: "proper" praxeologies (basics, statistics, specific) and "transversal" (modelling, reasoning, communication).In initial training in France, it seems that the bases and the reasoning are mainly taught in the preparatory cycle. In the engineering cycle, statistics and specific courses are most often offered, but the training seems to lack of applications and connections with the everyday reality of engineers.Faced with these observations, we propose the establishment, in the engineering cycle, of a Study and Research Path in statistics and chemistry. We observe that the generative question allows students to advance on a signed route while allowing them to develop exchanges along with their autonomy. This device seems to place future engineers in situations where mathematics play a leading role, offering a good approach to professional praxeologies.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 6, 2019 - 12:40:33 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:48:02 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-02281937, version 3

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Pierre-Vincent Quéré. Les mathématiques dans la formation des ingénieurs et sur leur lieu de travail : études et propositions (cas de la France). Education. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019BRES0041⟩. ⟨tel-02281937v3⟩

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