Caractérisation de l'environnement électromagnétique transport pour la reconnaissance de conditions électromagnétiques critiques

Abstract : In recent years, numerous studies whose ultimate goal is to drive the railway interoperability have allowed the emergence of a pan-European train control system. This system uses ground-to-train radio operating on the GSM-R (Global System for Mobile communications - Railways) protocol, currently being deployed on a large scale along railway lines. The smooth running of railway operations depends, in part, of the proper routing of radio communications between trains and ground. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure the effective operation of this ground to train link in presence of intentional or unintentional electromagnetic interference that could disrupt communication. This thesis focuses on this second category of disturbances. We develop methods for detecting electromagnetic interference superimposing their signals to GSM-R signals. Then, this detection will promptly set off effective countermeasures against such interference at different levels of the radio architecture, the physical layer, the higher protocol layers. We implement a supervised detection system to detect the presence of jamming signals and, for potentially to recognize them. Based on the analysis of signals exchanged, we develop and evaluate two methods. One considers the quadrature signals recovered by the receiver in the used communication channel. The second method exploits the power spectral density of the signals collected in a wider frequency band, centered in the range allocated to the GSM-R communications and extending on either side thereof. These methods are successively evaluated by simulation, on data obtained using a test bench, and on a real railway site.
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Souheir Mili. Caractérisation de l'environnement électromagnétique transport pour la reconnaissance de conditions électromagnétiques critiques. Electromagnétisme. Université de Lille 1, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-02202459⟩

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