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Modélisation de Systèmes Complexes par Composition : Une démarche hiérarchique pour la co-simulation de composants hétérogènes

Thomas Paris 1 
1 SIMBIOT - SIMulating and Building IOT
LORIA - NSS - Department of Networks, Systems and Services
Abstract : This work deals with complex system Modeling and Simulation (M&S). The particularity of such systems is the numerous heterogeneous entities in interaction involved inside them. This particularity leads to several organization layers and scientific domains. As a consequence, their study requests many perspectives (different temporal and spatial scales, different domains and formalisms, different granularities...). The challenge is the rigorous integration of these various system perspectives inside an M&S process. In other words, the difficulty is to define successive steps to follow in order to integrate several points of view inside the same model. Multi-modeling and co-simulation are promising approaches to do so. The underlying problem is to define a modular and hierarchical process fitted with a rigorous way to integrate heterogeneous components and which is supported by a software environment that covers the whole M&S cycle. MECSYCO (Multi-agent Environment for Complex SYstem CO-simulation) is a co-simulation middleware focusing on the reuse of existing models from other software. It relies on a software and formal DEVS-based wrapping, provides heterogeneity handling mechanisms and ensures a decentralized and modular co-simulation. MECSYCO deals with the heterogeneous component integration need but its M&S process does not have all the properties above-mentioned. Notably, the hierarchical modeling ability is missing. To overcome this, we propose to fit MECSYCO with a descriptive multi-modeling and co-simulation process that allows the hierarchical design of multi-models using models from other software. Our process is split into three steps: the atomic model integration, the composition (hierarchical multi-model construction) and finally the experimentation. We adopt a descriptive approach where a description file is linked to each product of these steps, these documents enable to manipulate them. The use of description files completes the integration steps, allows a hierarchical and modular multi-model design and isolates the experiments. Then we set up a development environment based on Domain Specific Languages (DSL) to support the description work, and we automate the transition from an experiment description to its effective co-simulation. This is a Model-Driven Engineering approach which allows us to put into practice our contribution by facilitating the modelers' work and by avoiding implementation mistakes. Our contribution fits MECSYCO with the hierarchical design property and with a DSL-based M&S environment while keeping its rigorous integration process and its modularity. Our work is evaluated on two examples. The first one renews a hybrid highway multi-model already implemented in MECSYCO, it shows the conservation of the middleware former properties. The second one is a simple thermal smart-building multi-model which highlights the incremental design of a multi-model and the integration of new components while putting our entire approach into practice.
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Thomas Paris. Modélisation de Systèmes Complexes par Composition : Une démarche hiérarchique pour la co-simulation de composants hétérogènes. Modélisation et simulation. Université de Lorraine, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LORR0035⟩. ⟨tel-02170266⟩

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