Tensions socio-économiques et territoriales sur la mobilité quotidienne en Île-de-France : éléments de réponse du système ferroviaire

Abstract : This research aims at identifying the prospective strains on car use in the Paris region, testing the response capacity of the rail system. Strain analysis is based on the data of prospective studies on car use, and territorial and societal determinants. A combination of these elements leads to an effective strain, between energy and environmental moderating factors, determinants partly in favor of car use, and flawed technological solutions. These strains can already be felt. Two approaches are used to analyze the potential alternatives to rail. The first one compares car and rail accessibility, today and by 2020. A typology of railway stations is then produced according to their services and distances from Paris. The question of the rail network capacity must also be raised. It is tackled at a comprehensive network scale, but also at the levels of trains and stations by comparing how supply and demand will change by 2030. The approach points out where and when railway networks may be potentially saturated. Both approaches lead to an assessment of territorial planning policies in the Paris region. They make it possible to question the role of stakeholders, especially in the rail market, within this system.
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Vincent Gagnière. Tensions socio-économiques et territoriales sur la mobilité quotidienne en Île-de-France : éléments de réponse du système ferroviaire. Géographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA010614⟩. ⟨tel-02153488⟩

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