Elaboration de glycopolymères et glycocapsules mannosylés à propriétés anti-adhésives

Abstract : This PhD work focuses on the preparation of glycopolymers bearing pendent heptyl mannose groups and the evaluation of the capability of such multivalent ligands to inhibit bacterial adhesion to human cells. Aiming at understanding the impact of various structural parameters on glycopolymer/ E coli interactions (AIEC LF82 et UTI 89 strains of E. coli), a series of linear and star-shaped glycopolymers with tunable molecular weight, mannoside density and microstructure (block copolymers, gradient copolymers, random copolymers) has been constructed. The association of the glycopolymers with FimH adhesin, a lectin which possesses a mannose-specific receptor site and is responsible for recognition and binding to host cells, was first confirmed by static and dynamic light scattering experiments. The propensity of the glycopolymers to prevent attachment of E. coli (AIEC LF82 involved in Crohn’s disease) to intestinal epithelial cells (T84 cells) was further investigated through adhesion assays. It was shown that under in vitro conditions, the addition of 10 nM or 100 nM of glycopolymer on a mannose unit basis (in pre-incubation and post-incubation respectively) decreases by half the bacterial adhesion to intestinal epithelial cells. The anti-adhesive effect of these multivalent ligands was further confirmed in ex vivo conditions for colonic loops of transgenic CEABAC10 mice (Crohn’s disease model mouse). Finally we took advantage of the nanoprecipitation process to generate glyconanocapsules with oily core. The employed strategy allowed for preparing well-defined nanocapsules bearing groups of interest (tags, ligands) or metal particles within the shell and loaded with active molecules in the core in one step.
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Xibo Yan. Elaboration de glycopolymères et glycocapsules mannosylés à propriétés anti-adhésives. Material chemistry. INSA de Lyon, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015ISAL0011⟩. ⟨tel-02130475⟩



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