Incarner la parole : figures du Christ dans la prédication allemande de Maître Eckhart

Abstract : The objective of this work is to revalue the figure of Christ in Meister Eckhart’s (1260-1328) thought, particularly in his German language preaching. For the apophatic heritage which Eckhart claims to adher to, the “ground without ground” of the deity seems to be the ultimate horizon. Nevertheless, his German preaching articulates with a strong Christology which is a mise en abyme of the situation of the preacher himself: in the same way as Christ is God’s Word incarnate, the preacher incarnates the word suggesting his listeners that they should pay attention to the eternal Word Who constantly but in no time says Himself in them. The first part of the thesis draws the historical and conceptual frame in which is situated Eckhart’s Christological thought as well as his preaching. The second part’s purpose is to comment paragraph by paragraph (following the Lectura Eckhardi tradition in Meister Eckhart studies) on five German preachings which stage an episode of the Gospels. The Preaching 1 concerning the moneychangers in the temple (Mt 21, 12-13), the Preachings 18, 42 and 43 concerning the resurrection of Naïm widow’s son (Lk 7, 11-17) and the Preaching 55 concerning Mary Magdalene at the tomb (Jn 20, 11-18) are thus analyzed. What is at stake is also to revalue the “christology from below” through what Eckhart says of the Gospels Christ against the tendency of most commentators who have written on Eckhart’s christology to have a positive bias for the “christology from above” (theology of the Word, place of the person of the Son in the Trinity).
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Henri Babaud de Monvallier. Incarner la parole : figures du Christ dans la prédication allemande de Maître Eckhart. Philosophie. École pratique des hautes études - EPHE PARIS, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016EPHE5100⟩. ⟨tel-02105229⟩

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