" Yo me la paso de isla en isla" : formas de habitar e interacciones sociales en el Islote, Caribe colombiano

Abstract : The Islote is a small artificial island off the caribbean coast of Colombia. Its settlement began at the end of the XIX century with the arrival of itinerant fishermen from the surrounding coasts of Cartagena. To establish the island, they filled the existing key with soil and built a hamlet that grew until it reached one hectare of surface. 600 islanders live on the Islote who identify themselves as black people and costeños; they devote themselves to fishing and tourism. Based on the ethnography conducted between 2010 and 2011, the present work analyzes the ways in which the islanders relate with their environment, including other islands, the sea, and the litoral. The Islote is a piece of land totally occupied without open land: it does not have cultivation areas, beaches, or palm trees. Its appearance is interpreted by locals as a “neighborhood” in the middle of the ocean. In order to inhabit this place, the islanders extend their network of relationships towards other islands and the coast. They continuously move to small towns and municipalities where they build houses where they can reside seasonally. Furthermore, they have a tight relationship with other coastal towns; which has allowed them to gain access to goods, services, and exchanges. Unlike elsewhere in the Caribbean where relationships expand through the diversification of kin in several locations, and with many women, in the Islote the alliances between group members are prioritized. The social cohesion is interpreted here as a way to reinforce the alliances within the group and therefore makes it possible to live in different places without losing the ties that bind them.
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Andrea Leiva. " Yo me la paso de isla en isla" : formas de habitar e interacciones sociales en el Islote, Caribe colombiano. Social Anthropology and ethnology. École pratique des hautes études - EPHE PARIS, 2016. Español. ⟨NNT : 2016EPHE5083⟩. ⟨tel-02105222⟩

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