Mise en place de nouveaux procédés de dégradation des lignines dans les liquides ioniques

Abstract : The ability to use plant biomass in energy, paper industry or valorization in the field of biomaterials via biorefineries, requires the separation of the various copolymers by physical or chemical methods. For exemple, the classic methods used to extract the cellulose involve acido-basic reactions and cause modifications of the structure of lignins because of recondensation, dealkylation and dehydration reactions. The exploitation of lignins in the field of materials is limited by several factors as their low solubility in usual solvents, their high molecular weight and low number of free phenol fonctions. This project joins in a context of valuation of the industrial lignins by taking into account the specific chemical structure of every type of lignin. Its obvective consists in developing new strategies to cleave weak bonds on the propyl chain of phenylpropan units, then their fonctionnalization by optimizing the formation of enol ethers or their direct cleavage by avoiding the reactions of recondensation by using ionic liquids as reaction medium. A particular focus will be made on the possible fonctionnalization of enol ethers for a selective depolymerization of industrial lignins who contain a not insignificant rate. According to the structur of lignins, these methods should allow to obtain oligomers with low molecular weight, to increase also the phenolic fraction and improve the solubility of the transformed lignins as well as their antioxidant properties.
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Zahahe Oulame Mouandhoime. Mise en place de nouveaux procédés de dégradation des lignines dans les liquides ioniques. Biotechnologies. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLA015⟩. ⟨tel-02100331⟩

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