Capteur Communicant Autonome en Énergie pour l’IoT

Abstract : Researchers aim to develop entirely autonomous sensors. By ensuring an important autonomy, the use of batteries solves part of the energy problem with relatively low costs. However, batteries introduce different problems such as maintenance and environmental pollution. Harvesting thermal, mechanical, electromagnetic, solar or wind energy present in the environment is an attractive solution. Using harvested energy from their surroundings, wireless sensor nodes can significantly increase their typical lifetime. Nevertheless, the harvested energy depends on the surrounding conditions of the device and can vary periodically or randomly. It seems important to adapt the system (measurement and data transmission) to the harvesting energy constraints. The thesis objective is to provide an autonomous sensor solution based on a multisources energy harvesting and management system (solar and wind energies), which can be used in different IoT applications. First, we are interested in modeling and optimizing the sensor node energy consumption. Then, the multiple harvesting system is modeled according to the energy needs of the sensor node. Besides, we focus on the power management of the autonomous system. This management part is based on predictions of both available and consumed energies. Finally, the proposed modeling and optimization studies are validated with experimental works in order to develop an Autonomous Communicating Sensor platform for IoT applications.
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Taoufik Bouguera. Capteur Communicant Autonome en Énergie pour l’IoT. Electronique. Université de Nantes, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02092386⟩

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