Contributions to the modelling of acoustic and elastic wave propagation in large-scale domains with boundary element methods

Stéphanie Chaillat 1
1 POEMS - Propagation des Ondes : Étude Mathématique et Simulation
Inria Saclay - Ile de France, UMA - Unité de Mathématiques Appliquées, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR7231
Abstract : The main advantage of the BEM is that only the domain boundaries (and possibly interfaces) are discretized leading to a drastic reduction of the total number of degrees of freedom. In traditional BE implementation the dimensional advantage with respect to domain discretization methods is offset by the fully-populated nature of the BEM matrix, with setup and solution times rapidly increasing with the problem size. In the last couple of years, fast BEMs have been proposed to overcome the drawback of the fully populated matrix. The Fast Multipole Method (FMM) is a fast, reliable and approximate method to compute the linear integral operator and is defined together with an iterative solver. The efficiency of the method has been demonstrated for 3D wave problems. However, the iteration count becomes the main limitation to consider realistic problems. Other accelerated BEMs are based on hierarchical matrices. When used in conjunction with an efficient rank revealing algorithm, it leads to a data-sparse and memory efficient approximation of the original matrix. Contrary to the FM-BEM it is a purely algebraic tool which does not require a priori knowledge of the closed-form expression of the fundamental solutions and it is possible to define iterative or direct solvers. Mesh adaptation is an additional technique to reduce the computational cost of the BEM. The principle is to optimize (or at least improve) the positioning of a given number of degrees of freedom on the geometry of the obstacle, in order to yield simulations with superior accuracy compared to those obtained via the use of uniform meshes. If an extensive literature is available for volume methods, much less attention has been devoted to BEMs. In this document, I give an overview of recent works to speed-up the solution of 3D acoustic and elastodynamic BEMs.
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Stéphanie Chaillat. Contributions to the modelling of acoustic and elastic wave propagation in large-scale domains with boundary element methods. Mechanics of the solides [physics.class-ph]. ENS Paris Saclay, 2019. ⟨tel-02090861⟩

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