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Optimisation topologique de structures sous contraintes de flambage

Abstract : Topology optimization aims to design a structure by seeking the optimal material layout within a given design space, thus making it possible to propose innovative optimal designs. This thesis focuses on topology optimization for structural problems taking into account buckling constraints. In a wide variety of engineering fields, innovative structural design is crucial. The lightening of structures during the design phase holds a prominent place in order to reduce manufacturing costs. Thus the goal is often the minimization of the mass of the structure to be designed. Regarding the constraints, in addition to the conventional mechanical constraints (compression, tension), it is necessary to take into account buckling phenomena which are characterized by an amplification of the deformations of the structure and a potential annihilation of the capabilities of the structure to support the applied efforts. In order to adress a wide range of topology optimization problems, we consider the two types of representation of a structure: lattice structures and continuous structures. In the framework of lattice structures, the objective is to minimize the mass by optimizing the number of elements of the structure and the dimensions of the cross sections associated to these elements. We consider structures constituted by a set of frame elements and we introduce a formulation of the problem as a mixed-integer nonlinear problem. In order to obtain a manufacturable structure, we propose a cost function combining the mass and the sum of the second moments of inertia of each frame. We developed an algorithm adapted to the considered optimization problem. The numerical results show that the proposed approach leads to significant mass gains over existing approaches. In the case of continuous structures, topology optimization aims to discretize the design domain and to determine the elements of this discretized domain that must be composed of material, thus defining a discrete optimization problem. [...]
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Florian Mitjana. Optimisation topologique de structures sous contraintes de flambage. Optimisation et contrôle [math.OC]. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018TOU30343⟩. ⟨tel-02063761v2⟩

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