Caractérisation numérique d’antennes VLF-LF en environnement réel

Abstract : Submarine communications are the main usage of the very low frequency (VLF). This frequency band allows to radiate up to a few tens meter of depth and to a very long distance. Antennas for such telecommunications are necessarily small in regard to the wavelength. However, these structures are composed of hundred meters of thin metallic cables and their locations are often chosen for their dielectric characteristics or the structural advantage provided by the relief. To evaluate such antennas, we propose to use a home-made software, based on the TLM method. Such technique can be efficient for studying wide band electromagnetic problems in complex dielectric environment. Then we have improved the TLM Thin Wire model and we have evaluated its performances in realistic environment. In this document, we present our work and its validation by comparing our results to those obtained with the commercial software FEKO, based on the MoM, considered as the most suitable technique for this kind of problem. A solution assuring a good accuracy of the model for an arbitrary orientation of the Thine Wire in the 3D cartesian grid was proposed. We have also specified the limitations of the bent wire and the wires junction. In addition, we have studied the interaction between the wire and inhomogeneous media. This is an ambitious problem for which we brought some elements of answer but which remains a challenge. Finally, we have tested our software on some realistic antenna systems. The simulations of a valley span T antennas system allow to understand the functioning of such radiating structure and to show the interest of our method. The computation times are significantly lower with the TLM method than with FEKO to deal with antennas above such complex ground. However, the simulations of a Trideco antenna with aerial or buried radial ground plane showed the actual limitations of the TLM software which remains handicapped by an insufficient accuracy of the wires junction model and the inhomogeneous media interactions.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 11, 2019 - 5:36:08 PM
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David Saintier. Caractérisation numérique d’antennes VLF-LF en environnement réel. Electronique. Université Côte d'Azur, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018AZUR4081⟩. ⟨tel-02014808⟩

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