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La critique écologique radicale dans le contexte de l'entreprise : l'ambivalence des démarches de RSE dans les entreprises en Biodynamie

Abstract : Since the end of the twentieth century, ecological claims have challenged the legitimacy of capitalism and led companies to justify and transform themselves. In particular, ecological criticism of capitalism lead to the rise of CSR in companies (Chiapello, 2013). In a constructivist approach to CSR, we question the scope of ecological criticism for organizational evolution. We aim at explaining how actors of a radical ecological criticism try to transform companies, threw the analysis of the ontological basis of this criticism, and the manner ecological claims are defended in an organizational context. This research is based on the framework of the Economies of worth (Boltanski & Thévenot, 1991), in order to take into account the multiplicity of social actor positions and their ability to argue and influence the evolution of companies. In particular, we analyze the emergence of an ecological argumentation and we question its radical character (Lafaye & Thévenot, 1993). This interpretative qualitative research is based on the study of two growing SMEs involved in Biodynamics. Through this multiple case study, we analyze the confrontation between the development of a functionalist organizational model and attempts to defend an ecological organizational model and CSR ambivalence in this tension. This research confirms and clarifies the ontological upheaval brought about by ecological argumentation (Lafaye & Thévenot, 1993). Then we specify what this upheaval implies for CSR and for the evolution of companies.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02002396
Contributor : Claire-Isabelle Roquebert <>
Submitted on : Thursday, January 31, 2019 - 4:22:33 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, February 16, 2019 - 1:20:11 AM
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Claire-Isabelle Roquebert. La critique écologique radicale dans le contexte de l'entreprise : l'ambivalence des démarches de RSE dans les entreprises en Biodynamie. Gestion et management. Université de Nantes; Audencia Group, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-02002396⟩

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