Les femmes, les nattes et la musique sur l'île de Pentecôte (Vanuatu)

Abstract : The melanesian archipelago of Vanuatu is made up of a multitude of islands. One of them, located in the North East is Pentecost Island. On this island, the activities of women and those of men are very separate in everyday life as during the ceremonies. Dancing is also performed either by women or men, sometimes together, but in separate groups. This work is essentially devoted to the music of the women of the island. The first part, of an ethnographic nature, is named "The music of the life cycle". It describes the sociocultural context of the two societies in Nothern Pentecost and emphasizes on the musics which highlight the important moments in the life of its inhabitants. The ceremonies which include these musics are shown through the observations of the daily life. The second part is devoted to the musical analysis which aim to discover the logics of this music without an explicit theory. The analysis is carried out by type of music related to sociocultural occasions. They are based on a corpus of 43 musical examples, which are transcribed and recorded on a CD enclosed with this work. The analysis is focused on the scales, the intervals, the structures and the rhythms. The last part studies the role of music in ceremonial exchanges. A parallel is thus established between music and traditional money in the form of red braids, made exclusively by women. Music under the rule of "copyright" has an economical aspect which is also studied.
Complete list of metadatas

Contributor : Monika Stern <>
Submitted on : Sunday, January 20, 2019 - 12:01:08 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 7, 2019 - 1:31:27 AM


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Monika Stern. Les femmes, les nattes et la musique sur l'île de Pentecôte (Vanuatu). Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Université Paris 4-Sorbonne, 2002. Français. ⟨tel-01987080⟩



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