Proposition de chaînage des connaissances historiques et patrimoniales. Approche multi-échelles et multi-critères de corpus textuels

Abstract : Humanities challenges computer sciences since 60 years. The 90’s marks a break, announcing qualitative analysis and interpretation of interoperable data, which became «knowledge». Since 2010, a disillusionment tarnishes the prospects, Digital Hmanities diversity increases. At the core of this complex background, we propose an implemented method producing various «views» of textual corpus in History. This views enable (1) interactive analysis with qualitative knowledge of the historian and (2) digital documentation of heritage on site (e.g. museum) for an advanced visitor. Corpus views are weighted multi graphs. Documents are vertices linked by edges. Each edge contains semantic, temporal or spatial proximity information. This method aims at co-creating historical knowledge. Facing the utopian modeling of qualitative knowledge in history, we designed a pragmatic process : the historian analyses quantitative data of a known corpus, this generates new hypothesis and certainties. Our approach (OLAP like) chart paths and customized access for each user to digital heritage documentation. These paths may meet 3D heritage data. Several use cases validate the proposed method and open perspectives of industrial application.
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Matthieu Quantin. Proposition de chaînage des connaissances historiques et patrimoniales. Approche multi-échelles et multi-critères de corpus textuels. Autre. Ecole Centrale de Nantes (ECN), 2018. Français. ⟨tel-01983483⟩

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