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L'algorithmique au lycée entre développement de savoirs spécifiques et usage dans différents domaines mathématiques

Abstract : The new programs of French High schools, since 2010, precise objectives in terms of algorithmics. According to High schools curricula, algorithmics teaching appears as a tool (in the sense of Douady, 1986) to give meaning to some studied notions. How to go beyond this level so that algorithmic becomes an object of learning (in the sense of Douady, 1986)? This research work is in the framework of learning of mathematical knowledge in algorithmics at the level of Grade 10 and Scientific Terminal Cycle (Grades 11 and 12) of the French high school. The study and construction of algorithms by students are located in a more general framework of reasoning and proof, but also mathematical modelling. We build three didactic engineerings in High school to study the work of student and to watch teacher’s practices. Our aim is to infer more general results on mathematical reasoning in some specific mathematical domains.The research work favours algorithms’ place in mathematics teaching. We propose a theoretical framework taking into account the general frameworks of mathematics didactics, in particular the Mathematical Working Spaces (MWS) (Kuzniak, Richard, 2014) associated with specific mathematical domains.Following the specification of an Algorithmics Working Spaces (AWS) (Laval, 2014, 2016) we specify the possibilities of the epistemological and cognitive plans inside of these spaces increasing their interactions with their semiotician, instrumental and discursive geneses. We also study which personal spaces can be built for students at different levels of High school system, and how they articulate knowledge about algorithms and school mathematical domains. The models of MWS/AWS aim at analysing of mathematical work in specific mathematical domains, with in particular, paradigms guiding and directing the work of the student.Moreover, since few studies of modelling tasks have been built on MWS/AWS models, we refined some our analyses in the framework MWS/AWS basing on the modelling cycle proposed by Blum & Leiss (2005) in relation to some specific mathematical domains.We build several didactic engineerings that we experimented in various mathematical domains: (1) elementary number theory; (2) mathematical analysis; (3) probabilities and random simulations. These didactic engineerings are experimented and analysed in various French High school's grade: Grade 10 and Scientific Terminal Cycle (Grades 11 and 12). Our research work includes tools for analysing tasks and activities in different mathematical domains. The methodology obtains aggregated global data and finely observes students' activities in classroom and teacher’s practices
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 4, 2018 - 12:13:06 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 12, 2020 - 10:34:50 AM


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Dominique Laval. L'algorithmique au lycée entre développement de savoirs spécifiques et usage dans différents domaines mathématiques. Education. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCC001⟩. ⟨tel-01943971⟩



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