Des enseignements techniques aux sciences de l’ingénieur. Analyse didactique et historique du processus de disciplinarisation depuis la Libération.

Abstract : The PhD presents and argues that the industrial technology is becoming an academic subject. In high schools, the contemporary changes bring to light the final phase. The didactic and historical analysis, mainly led by the study of official regulations and speeches, tracks down the evolutions and the changes, by means of a model of examination of the school disciplines focusing on the missions, the organization (administrative and educational) and the education (the programs and the methods). Three main periods are identified: 1) the configuration of the technical education (1945-1958), its development and its structure; 2) the blending of the technology in high schools (1959-1984) by the unification of the education system; 3) the technology as an academic subject (1985-2012) from the primary school to the university, newly named the engineering sciences. This process comes within socio-political, economic and institutional context and is mainly defined by its missions of increasing qualifications. The examination of the functional analysis tools, employed to study the technical systems, reveals the elaboration of teachable contents. The contents changes, from the machines organ to the multitechnological systems, have been built one after the other, according to eight paradigms. On the one hand, the PhD reveals the process of "disciplinarization" of the technology and opens the discussion on the available researches about others disciplines. On the other hand, the PhD provides an original history of the technical education, the necessary sources for new researches and for understanding and supporting the contemporary changes.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 5, 2018 - 10:20:52 PM
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Christian Hamon. Des enseignements techniques aux sciences de l’ingénieur. Analyse didactique et historique du processus de disciplinarisation depuis la Libération.. Education. Université Paris Descartes (Paris 5), 2012. Français. ⟨tel-01913044⟩

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