Non-asymptotic method estimation and applications for fractional order systems

Abstract : This thesis aims to design non-asymptotic and robust estimators for a class of fractional order linear systems in noisy environment. It deals with a class of commensurate fractional order linear systems modeled by the so-called pseudo-state space representation with unknown initial conditions. It also assumed that linear systems under study can be transformed into the Brunovsky’s observable canonical form. Firstly, the pseudo-state of the considered systems is estimated. For this purpose, the Brunovsky’s observable canonical form is transformed into a fractional order linear differential equation involving the initial values of the fractional sequential derivatives of the output. Then, using the modulating functions method, the former initial values and the fractional derivatives with commensurate orders of the output are given by algebraic integral formulae in a recursive way. Thereby, they are used to calculate the pseudo-state in the continuous noise-free case. Moreover, to perform this estimation, it provides an algorithm to build the required modulating functions. Secondly, inspired by the modulating functions method developed for pseudo-state estimation, an operator based algebraic method is introduced to estimate the fractional derivative with an arbitrary fractional order of the output. This operator is applied to cancel the former initial values and then enables to estimate the desired fractional derivative by a new algebraic formula using a recursive way. Thirdly, the pseudo-state estimator and the fractional order differentiator are studied in discrete noisy case. Each of them contains a numerical error due to the used numerical integration method, and the noise error contribution due to a class of stochastic processes. In particular, it provides ananalysis to decrease noise contribution by means of an error bound that enables to select the optimal degrees of the modulating functions at each instant. Then, several numerical examples are given to highlight the accuracy, the robustness and the non-asymptotic property of the proposed estimators. Moreover, the comparisons to some existing methods and a new fractional orderH1-like observer are shown. Finally, conclusions are outlined with some perspectives
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Xing Wei. Non-asymptotic method estimation and applications for fractional order systems. Other. Institut National des Sciences Appliquées - Centre Val de Loire, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017ISAB0003⟩. ⟨tel-01897436⟩

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