Uncertainly analysis : towards more accurate predictions for the synthesis of superheavy nuclei

Abstract : The nuclear reaction theories describing the synthesis of superheavy nuclei are not firmly established. Although, the basic qualitative features of fusion-evaporation have reached a consensus, the quantitative predictions of the available models are still unsatisfactory. The production cross-section is the product of the capture cross-section, the formation probability and survival probability. Previous studies have shown that the dominating part of the remaining discrepancies came from our inability to properly constrain the formation probability. The main goal of this thesis is to theoretically constrain this quantity. This is achieved by examining the uncertainties in the capture cross-section and the survival probability using regression analysis. The fission barrier being the most influential factor in survival probability calculations, it is assumed to be the only source of uncertainties. Since the fission barrier is the difference between the ground-state and saddle-point masses, we started investigating the uncertainties in the liquid drop model. Based on this analysis we have refined a method to constrain the shell correction energies. To determine the uncertainties in the fission barriers, a simplified phenomenological macroscopic-microscopic model was used. The uncertainties in the capture step were determined using a model based on a parametrization of the barrier distribution. From the propagation of the uncertainties in the capture cross-section and fission barrier, the constraints on the formation probability were determined. Separately, the effects of inertia on the formation probability were investigated using perturbation theory and a new mechanism reducing fusion hindrance was described as a shift in the initial condition within the Smoluchowski approximation. Additionally, based on this approach, an explanation for the phenomenological energy dependent parametrization of the injection point was found.
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Bartholomé Cauchois. Uncertainly analysis : towards more accurate predictions for the synthesis of superheavy nuclei. Nuclear Theory [nucl-th]. Normandie Université, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018NORMC218⟩. ⟨tel-01885168⟩

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