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Une histoire culturelle de l’hispano-américanisme (1910-1930) : L’Espagne à la reconquête d’un continent perdu

Abstract : This study discusses the construction of a national identity and trans-national imaginary in post-imperial Spain after 1898, which perpetuated in a sublimated manner the country's historical ties with Hispanic America. Based on the development of the Spanish-Americanist movement throughout the Spanish territory and within multiple socio-economic sectors, the study focuses on the evolution and differing uses of the concept of “Raza”. This myth was adopted at the time to refer to peoples and civilizations of Hispanic origin, particularly in response to the growing regional influence of Anglo-Saxon countries. As both a historical memory and active identity construction, the projection on to Latin America represented, beyond the dissolution of the Hispanic Empire, a key component of Spanish collective identity. Serving as a structuring element of state ideology domestically, it also supported the diplomatic goals of Spain within Latin America. A central example of the increasing importance of the politics of memory at the turn of the 20th century, the 12 October anniversary was established in 1918 as a Spanish national holiday and officially adopted in the Latin-American republics. One of the main goals of this essay is to analyze the foundation and implementation of this celebration, then known as the Fiesta de la Raza, during the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy and the dictatorship of General Primo de Rivera. This commemoration quickly became the banner of the Spanish-Americanism movement and catalyzed multiple issues for Spanish identity and for Hispanic world unity. The study emphasizes this celebration as well as other commemorations of the colonial past, as pivotal components of Spanish nationalism and as central features of the symbolic politics of Spain towards Latin America from the 1892 quadricentennial and 1898, the precise moment of the collapse of its overseas empire, to 1929 and the celebration of the Iberian-American Exhibition of Seville.
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Contributor : David Marcilhacy <>
Submitted on : Saturday, September 22, 2018 - 6:08:22 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 9, 2020 - 3:09:22 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, December 23, 2018 - 1:27:20 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-01879267, version 1


David Marcilhacy. Une histoire culturelle de l’hispano-américanisme (1910-1930) : L’Espagne à la reconquête d’un continent perdu. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Sorbonne Nouvelle - Paris 3, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-01879267⟩



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