Le pluralisme cohérent de la philosophie de Gaston Bachelard

Abstract : The philosophical significance of the works of Bachelard is generally contained within a simple, two-fold speciality, science and poetry. Although the double specificity of the work is evident, it often leads to a vulgate which obscures the richness and complexity of the works to such an extent that it is just simpler to speak of the philosophy of Bachelard in the singular. Is it relevant to uphold the theory that Bachelard develops a philosophy in the true sense of the word, whereas the normal interpretation of his works reduces them to a reflection on rationality and imaginary? How can one defend the idea that an integral philosophy exists in the works of Bachelard, which is developed from his regional research, but which exceeds the disciplinary framework of epistemology and the poetic to experiment "adventurous ideas" and more audacious suppositions? We believe we need to re-evaluate the theories of Bachelard and to grant him a place of honour in twentieth century French philosophy. We undertake this re-evaluation by proposing the reconstruction of the pluralist philosophy of Bachelard, on the basis of an overall interpretation of his work and a reading of the whole corpus. We therefore defend the thesis whereby the philosophy of Bachelard, both theoretical and practical, is a coherent pluralism, with psychological, ontological and axiological implications, so that the pluralism of Bachelard unfolds around not only a conception of the mind (Part I), of the "being-in-the-world" and concepts of existence (Part II), but also perfectionism in leading the good life, within the scope of a complete anthropology (Part III).
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Julien Lamy. Le pluralisme cohérent de la philosophie de Gaston Bachelard. Philosophie. Université Lyon 3 Jean Moulin, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-01814185⟩



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