Etude et conception de CAN haute résolution pour le domaine de l’imagerie

Abstract : This thesis deals with the conception and design of high resolution analog-to-digital converters (ADC) for CMOS image sensor (CIS) applications with the 0.18 μm technology. A CIS is a system able to convert light to digital data to be processed. This system includes a pixel array, ADCs, registers and a set of clocks to acquire and transport the data. At the beginning, a single ADC was used for the whole matrix of pixels, converting the pixel value in a sequential way. With the growing size of the pixel array and the increasing frame rate, the ADC became one of the bottleneck of these system. A solution was found to use column ADC, located at the bottom of each column in order to parallelize the conversions. These column ADC are going to be my point of interest in this thesis.First of all, a state of the art of the ADC for CIS is realized in order to determine the best architecture to use. A two-step incremental sigma-delta is chosen and investigated. A theoretical analysis is done, especially on the modulator in order to determine the order of this modulator and the oversampling ratio of the conversion. Then a schematic is realized, with a special feature on the amplifier. Indeed, an inverter is used as amplifier in order to reduce the size of the ADC. A montecarlo and corner studies are then realized on the ADC, a layout is proposed and the ADC is compared to the state of the art of the ADC for CIS.
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Pierre Bisiaux. Etude et conception de CAN haute résolution pour le domaine de l’imagerie. Autre. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLC030⟩. ⟨tel-01810926⟩



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