Comportement des silices mésoporeuses sous irradiations ioniques

Abstract : In the search of new solutions to treat radioactive effluent, the so-called “separation-conditioning” strategy, which consists of implementing a functionalized porous matrix for the radionuclide adsorption, is an interesting alternative way. Such porous matrix could even act as a long term conditioning matrix in the second step. For this purpose, mesoporous silica presents several advantages like enormous fonctionalisable surface, possibility to prepare at low temperature and pore closure which favors long term conditioning. During its working process and with the presence of radionuclide, the mesoporous structure will be exposed to self-irradiation. This is why it’s important to know the structure evolution under such conditions.The objective of this thesis is to compare different mesoporous structures under various irradiation conditions which induce two major effects, the ballistic (nuclear) effect and the inelastic (electronic) effect. In order to achieve these objectives and thanks to their several advantages, external irradiations with heavy ions were used to simulate self-irradiation processes. Adapted post-irradiation characterizations, like X-ray reflectivity and gas adsorption, were carried out. In the ballistic regime, a total compaction due to mesopore collapse is observed at a dose about ~1025 eV/cm3 (~10 dpa). In the electronic regime, ions of stopping power inferior to 1keV/nm do not present obvious effect on the mesoporous structure evolution. Only the Ni-638 MeV with stopping power ~5 keV/nm shows significant collapse effect but no total compaction was observed until the maximum studied dose about Eelec.=1025 eV/cm3. These results indicate a good resistance of these structures against irradiation damage.The origin of these structural behaviors has not been clearly understood. Thermal effect, considered as secondary irradiation effect, cannot be referred to because a comparative study showed completely different densification process. Additionally, a trial with classic Molecular Dynamics modelling for purely ballistic effects was undertaken. It allows to successfully reproduced mesopore collapse and to set foot on the explanation in case of ballistic regime. In the electronic regime, the results are compatible with literatures.
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Yu Lou. Comportement des silices mésoporeuses sous irradiations ioniques. Autre. Université Montpellier, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016MONTT228⟩. ⟨tel-01809035⟩

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